Ayurveda - Pitta dosha

The word pitta comes from the Sanskrit word "tapas" which means
heat up.
When nature interacts in the human body with its element
water and fire, then pitta dosha energy is created.
Pitta Dosha = Fire + Water

The discovery of fire could be said to constitute the
greatest feat of our ancestors and no other
discovery or event in the history of humanity did not bring so many
rapid and transformative changes in human life.
What would our life be like without fire? The fire has been connected
with the sun and with every form of energy and within our body, it works
through pitta.
Its main place in the body is in the small intestine and so on
its primary role is the metabolic process, balance
body temperature and energy production. Except
this strengthens the intellect, helps to understand and to
process the everyday impressions that take form
thoughts and to "digest" the experiences of life.

The qualities of pitta are: warm, penetrating, light,
greasy, wet, kinetic.

Pitta because it is active in 5 main points of the body,
It is divided into 5 subdoshas which are:

  • Sandaka pitta – head / heart
  • Alochaka pitta – Eyes
  • Bhrajaka pitta – Skin
  • Ranjaka pitta – Liver, spleen
  • Pachaka pitta – Stomach / duodenum

SANDAKA PITTA = the power of realization
Sandaka pitta moves in the head and heart and is related to
the processing of our emotions, experiences, stress
activates to make decisions and fulfill them.
It helps us to be productive in what we do, in
cultivating our talents and accomplishing our goals.
It moves along the brain-heart axis and helps us to
we express what we feel.
Any form of exercise that pleases us, especially
yoga and meditation helps to balance the specific

ALOCHAKA PITTA = that which helps to see and analyze.
Alochaka pitta is found all over the surface of the eyes with
emphasis the pupil of the eye. Regulates cell functions
of the retina and the entire visual process, such as
object interpretation, perceives color and shape,
diversity and quantity. It helps in assimilation and
metabolism of sunlight and this then helps to
our mind and soul are enlightened.
Alochaka pitta is involved in the secretion of melanin in the skin
and helps melanocytes increase their activity in the blood
when we are exposed to strong sunlight, as happens in summer.
Also, at this point, the synthesis of vitamin A begins.

BRAJAKA PITTA = that which gives luster
Brajaka pitta moves through the skin and is associated with touch and
heat regulation. In this way it contributes to the good
hydration of the skin and is actively involved in its health
Regulates the function of the sweat glands and
it releases the unnecessary fire with the sweat, thus bringing
body temperature balance. She is responsible for
maintaining the PH of the skin, as well as for
microorganisms, the microbiome that composes its defense
skin. Brajaka pitta helps significantly in commitment and
absorption of vitamin D.

RANJAKA PITTA = that which gives color
ranjaka pitta is located in the liver, spleen, and bestows the
red color in the blood.
ranjaka pitta located in the liver, gives the red color
in the blood and stays in it inside the red blood cells. It pushes the blood
unceasingly with the power it needs to flow continuously.
The different colors of the tissues are its results
activity of ranjaka pitta which gives color also, to
hair and skin.
According to the ancient texts of Ayurveda one of the
important functions of ranjaka pitta in the liver, are the
isolation of iron, its storage and participation in

PACHAKA PITTA = she who metabolizes
Pachaka pitta is active in the stomach, duodenum.
It breaks down the complex molecular compositions of food, such as
complex carbohydrates, in simpler form.
The digestion of food in the intestine and then the strengthening of
tissues with nutrients and the conversion of food into
energy and heat depend on the action of pachaka pitta.
Also, the specific hypodosa separates the useful substances
from the useless thus forming the waste of the body
and creates the feeling of hunger and thirst since
digestion of food is complete.
It burns every pathogenic organism that has entered the body with it
food. Its action also extends to the production of enzymes
and although it is active in the small intestine, it participates in digestion
of food, starting with the enzymes found in saliva.

Balanced metabolic fire creates the conditions for
a clear mind, rational emotions and lays the foundation for the
long life.
Refreshing foods such as vegetables, fruits, herbs e.g.
cucumber, melon, watermelon, green beans, red sweet potatoes,
cherries, apples, pineapple, fresh cardamom, coriander is useful to
are consumed during the summer months because they contribute to
balance of pitta. On the contrary, the hot, fatty, fried and
too salty increase the calorific value of the food.
Activities such as jogging, swimming, walking, etc
moderate intensity yoga, meditation, and refreshing
breathing techniques, release and balance it
excess of pitta in the body.

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